UNESCO World Heritage Site


Credit : Sarah Abad

A brutal outpost for banished British prisoners, home to the descendants of Bounty mutineers…

Norfolk Island’s history reads like a page-turner. And nowhere captures the island’s early days quite like Kingston, part of the UNESCO World Heritage-listed Australian Convict Sites.

This Australian Convict Sites World Heritage Property is part of a series showcasing eleven outstanding heritage places across Australia. Collectively they are representative of the global phenomenon of the forced migration of convicts.

The sites included in the serial listing are:

• Kingston & Arthur’s Vale Historic Area, Norfolk Island (1788–1814 and 1824–1855)

• Old Government House and Domain, Parramatta Park, New South Wales (1788–1856)

• Hyde Park Barracks, Sydney, New South Wales (1819–1848)

• Brickendon—Woolmers Estates, Longford, Tasmania (1820–1850s)

• Darlington Probation Station, Maria Island National Park, Tasmania (1825–1832 and 1842–1850)

• Old Great North Road, Wiseman’s Ferry, New South Wales (1828–1835) • Cascades Female Factory, South Hobart, Tasmania (1828–1856)

• Port Arthur Historic Site, Port Arthur, Tasmania (1830–1877)

• Coal Mines Historic Site, Norfolk Bay, Tasmania (1833–1848)

• Cockatoo Island Convict Site, Sydney, New South Wales (1839–1869)

• Fremantle Prison, Fremantle, Western Australia (1852–1886)

Each site represents key elements of the story of forced migration of convicts and is associated with global ideas and practices relating to punishment and reform of criminal elements of society during the modern era. The eleven sites that form the Australian Convict Sites World Heritage Property are outstanding examples of this story in Australia’s rich convict history, however, more than 3,000 other convict sites remain around Australia. This is unique in the world today.

World Heritage Australian Convict Sites Booklet

The Australian Convict Sites Steering Committee is pleased to announce the release of the new Australian Convict Sites booklet.

Featuring stories and images from all 11 sites that make up the World Heritage listed property, the booklet will take you on a journey through the convict system and illustrate the experiences of those that lived through the convict era.

You will gain an understanding of the role of each site and how they are linked to one another to form a larger story depicting the convict experience.

The booklet can be viewed on our website https://www.australianconvictsites.org.au/research.

Download the PDF version of the Booklet here : https://static1.squarespace.com/static/5b3997467e3c3a94b303bbd0/t/61c0194aed71ef2513556f06/1639979386613/Australian+Convict+Sites+Booklet+WEB+.pdf

Australian Convict Sites World Heritage Nomination 2008

The Australian Convict Sites is the name of the nominated property and comprises 11 sites across the continent of Australia. The Australian Convict Sites World Heritage Nomination The sites are representative of the global phenomenon of convictism and its association with global developments in the punishment of crime in the modern era. The 11 sites are the pre-eminent examples of Australia’s rich convict history with more than 3,000 convict sites remaining around Australia. This is unique in the world today.

The nomination document is an agreement between the State Party concerned and the international community, in which the former commits itself to protect and manage an identified property on its territory while the latter pledges support and assistance. Just like any agreement, the nomination should be accurate, informative and complete. If this is not the case, ensuring the fulfillment of the agreement between the State Party and the international community and the effective implementation of the World Heritage Convention become very difficult.

Download : Click here to download the PDF

Source :  Norfolk Island Museum

Credit : Sarah Abad